All Posts tagged Medial Epicondylitis

Tennis Elbow vs. Golfers Elbow

Tennis Elbow vs. Golfers Elbow

Let’s first start with a few Case Studies:

1) 45 Year Old Female

Pain on the outside of the elbow due to twisting/closing jam jars over the weekend.  Pain is localized to the outside of the elbow.  Patient is complaining of progressive pain.

2) 50 Year Old Male

Pain on the inside of the elbow after playing a bocce (lawn bowling).  Patient explains that extending the wrist is painful.  Patient finds it difficult to use his wrist due to the progressive pain found along the inside of his elbow.

Answers found below.

Many patients have been presenting and asking me about these two conditions (tennis elbow and golfers elbow) and how they differ.   Okay, so let us break them down into very simple terms.

1) Both conditions occur at the elbow.

2) Tennis Elbow occurs on the outside of the elbow.

3) Golfers Elbow occurs on the inside of the elbow.

Now that we have these simple concepts in place, let us explore the anatomy of the elbow joint and structures surrounding the joint.

Anatomy of the Elbow

The human elbow consists of 3 bones and 3 articulations. The three bones are the humerus (arm bone), ulna and radius (forearm bones – remember the radius is on the thumb side and the ulna is  on the 5th finger side WHEN the hand is in a position where the palm is facing upwards).   The humerus attaches to the ulna – the humeroulnar articulation and the humeroradial articulation (the articulation between the humerus and the radius).  The third is a pivot-type joint with articulation between the head of the radius and the radial notch of the ulna (the two forearm bones).  Surrounding these joints are a number of muscles, ligaments, fascia and arteries/nerves.  The muscles of the forearm are responsible for turning the arm as if you are using a screw driver as well as flexing/extending the wrist.

Elbow Joint

Elbow Joint

What is Tennis Elbow?

Tennis elbow also known as lateral epicondylitis is a condition that affects the muscle on the outside of the elbow.

Tennis elbow is a painful condition of the elbow caused by overuse or repetitive strain (partial tearing of muscle fibers in the elbow) .  Playing tennis or other racquet sports can cause this condition.  However, it is also important to note that other sports like golf, or activities that involve moving your wrists/elbow joint can aggravate the elbow (Golfers, baseball players, bowlers, gardeners or landscapers, house or office cleaners (because of vacuuming, sweeping, and scrubbing), carpenters, mechanics, and assembly line workers).

Symptoms of tennis elbow include:

  • Pain slowly increasing around the outside of the elbow.
  • Pain is worse when shaking hands or squeezing objects (flexion of the wrist).
  • Pain is made worse by stabilizing or moving the wrist with force.
  • Examples which aggravate pain include lifting, using tools, opening jars, or even handling simple utensils such as a knife, fork or toothbrush.

Tennis elbow affects 1% to 3% of the population.  Interestingly, less than 5% of all tennis elbow diagnoses are related to actually playing tennis!!! Tennis elbow affects men more than women. It most often affects people between the ages of 30 and 50.

What is Golfer’s Elbow?

Golfer’s elbow also known as medial epicondylitis causes pain and inflammation in the tendons that connect the forearm to the elbow. The pain is on the inside aspect of the elbow (area the rests beside the torso when your arms are down).

Golfer’s elbow is caused by overusing or straining the muscles in the forearm that allow you to do the following motions – grip, rotate your arm, and flex your wrist. Continuous or repetitive flexing, gripping, or swinging can cause pulls or tiny tears in the tendons.

This condition doesn’t just affect golfers. Those who do activities with repetitive hand, wrist, or forearm motions can lead to golfer’s elbow.  Furthermore, sports include tennis, bowling, and baseball can cause the same symptoms.

Tennis and Golfer’s Elbow are not that different!

Yes, Tennis and Golfer’s elbow are not that different.  In other words, they are very similar types of strains or tendon aggravation (tendonosis) conditions.   One occurs on the inside of the elbow (golfer’s elbow) and the other on the outside of the elbow (tennis elbow).

SO now that I understand the difference, how to I treat these conditions? Golfer's Elbow Support

At our clinic, we provide patients with a variety of both active and passive treatments.  Passively, chiropractic care, acupuncture, soft tissue therapy, mobilizations, electrotherapy, ultrasound and laser therapy are effective.  Actively, eccentric elbow exercises work well.  An exercise is eccentric when a muscle contraction lengthens the muscle, rather than shortens it. The opposite is called concentric exercises.

Furthermore, some individuals do well with golf and tennis elbow supports.  These are fairly inexpensive and assist with controlling some of the discomfort experienced at the elbow (see image to the right).

Back to the Case Studies

1) 45 Year Old Female

Pain on the outside area of the elbow.  Patient was closing a number of jam jars over the weekend.  Pain is becoming progressively worse.  No shooting pain down the arm, only localized pain in the elbow.  What can it be?

Yes, this is a case of TENNIS ELBOW!

-Pain localized to the outside area of the elbow and mechanism of injury is closing jam jars (twisting wrist and using the extensor muscles in the forearm).

2) 50 Year Old Male

Pain on the inside of the elbow after playing a bocce (lawn bowling).  Patient explains that extending the wrist is painful.  Patient finds it difficult to use his wrist due to the progressive pain found along the inside of his elbow.

-Pain localized to the inside area of the elbow and mechanism of injury is using the flexors of

YES, this is a case of GOLFERS ELBOW! Tennis Elbow

MEDICAL DISCLAIMER: The following information is my personal notes about this subject matter. It is intended for informational purposes only. Consult a health practitioner to help you diagnose and treat injuries of any kind.

Dr. Luciano Di Loreto, HBSc., DC

Chiropractor in Woodbridge, Ontario


Dr. Luciano Di Loreto graduated from the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (2010) as a Doctor of Chiropractic and obtained a certificate in Medical Acupuncture at McMaster University (2010). At his practice located in Vaughan, Ontario, Canada, Dr. Luciano Di Loreto combines evidence-based chiropractic care with a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach to health care. He is an approachable, passionate, and diligent practitioner with a focus on delivering exceptional acute, preventative, rehabilitative and supportive care for a variety conditions relating to the muscle, nerve, and bone. During his spare time, Dr. Luciano Di Loreto takes pleasure in spending time with his family and friends. He enjoys fishing and playing sports.

Fit for Life Wellness & Rehabilitation Centre is a health clinic located in Vaughan, Woodbridge, Ontario, just north of Major Mackenzie on Weston Road (Located in the Vellore Medical Centre & Walk In Clinic). If you have questions for Dr. Luciano Di Loreto, please comment and we will get right back to you promptly with information on your conditions/concerns.

10395 Weston Road, Building A

Woodbridge, Ont



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