What are Compression Stockings?
Background Information: In order to understand the how and the what about compression stockings, we must understand first how blood circulates. The circulation of blood can be easily understood if we break down three major elements: the heart, the arteries and the veins. The heart pumps blood (oxygen blood) through the arteries to the tissues of the body.
Arteries are highways for blood rich in oxygen. Veins are highways for blood that does not have any oxygen. Veins transport blood back to the heart so that blood can replenish oxygen and once again supply the tissues of the body. Valves are found in veins. Valves open to allow blood to flow back toward the heart, then close to prevent the blood from flowing backwards.
The valves keep blood flow in the veins moving in one direction. Problems occur when a valve can no longer close properly This may be due to weakness or damage in a valve. If a valve is leaky and not working properly it will allow blood to flow backwards. This can cause pooling of blood in the lower leg causing swelling, especially near the ankle of the calves. Furthermore, progression of this will lead to enlarging of veins (varicose veins), blood clots, ulcers and deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
How can Compression Stockings help?
Compression stockings are special socks or hoses that improve blood flow in the leg veins and prevent blood from pooling or building up in the legs. They are made in a unique way that are tighter near the feet and gradually become looser as they go up the leg towards the waist. This steady squeezing of the legs helps blood flow move out of the leg and back towards the heart.
What conditions does Compressions Stockings help?
Tired, Achy, Swelling in Leg: Standing and sitting for long periods of time can cause your legs to ache and feel tired. Blood pools at the ankles and has a hard time returning.
Venous Insufficiency: Damaged valves in the veins can cause blood to pool in the leg and lead to swelling and discomfort. This condition is called chronic venous insufficiency, and can lead to skin damage and leg ulcers. Symptoms of venous insufficiency include varicose veins, daily swelling of the leg, colour changes around and above the ankle region, dermatitis, and fragile skin.
Deep Vein Thrombosis: A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms in a deep vein, partially or completely blocking the flow of blood. A long-term side effect of DVT may be one or more damaged venous valves that allow backward flow of venous blood. Improperly functioning valves lead to venous congestion in the leg, increasing the risk for chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and new DVT.
Venous Ulcers: The chronic backup of blood due to unhealthy (incompetent) valves allows blood to pool in the lower leg, causing swelling. Chronic swelling interferes with the nutrition and oxygen supply to the skin. The skin becomes dry, flaky and darker in color. The skin is fragile and easily breaks with minor trauma, forming an open wound, slow to heal. Symptoms of venous ulcers include swelling of the ankle and lower leg, dermatitis, skin discolouration around and above the ankles, open skin with moderate to heavy drainage and lymphadema (fluid retention).
Do I require Compression Stockings?
You can benefit from compression stockings whether you suffer from tired aching legs because of standing or sitting, or suffer from more serious problems like swelling and venous disease. We fit all genders, shapes and sizes from tall to petite, large frame to small. At Fit for Life Wellness and Rehabilitation we offer a wide range of colors and styles to meet your needs.
A complete solution for compression bandaging of arm, leg and lower leg. Ask your therapist about the therapy regimen and garment that is right for you. To be fitted and order compression stockings visit our clinic today.
How do I order compression stockings?
Book an appointment to be fitted for compression stockings. Our chiropractor and chiropodist are trained to fit you for this medical device. You can book an appointment at Fit for Life Wellness & Rehabilitation Centre by calling 647-873-4490 or complete the form on the right side of the page.